An unexpected spike in illegal immigration is report on the Texas-Mexico border, 1200 WOAI news reports.


  Danny Tirado, a spokesman for the U.S. Border Patrol, says apprehensions along the border are up 68%  so far this fiscal year.


  He says there are major changes in the make up of the illegals they are seeing, with fewer of them coming from Mexico.


  "Most of those individuals are from Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador," he said. "This is where most of these people are coming from."


  The spike in Central American illegal immigrants point out a frustrating side effect of illegal immigration.  For years Mexican nationals made up the vast majority of individuals sneaking into the U.S. illegally, and that prompted the U.S. to work closely with Mexico to improve it's economy so Mexican citizens could remain in Mexico.


  And those efforts are working.  The Pena Nieto Administration is taking many steps to improve Mexico's economy, especially in Northern Mexico.  The Mexican oil and gas industry is benefitting from an historic effort to break the Pemex monopoly and to allow technology from the U,S. and elsewhere to exploit Mexico's massive untapped reserves of oil and natural gas.  In addition, major transportation projects in Northern Mexico are opening previously isolated villages and creating new trade corridors.


  On top of that, Mexico is undergoing a major demographic change.  In the 1960s and early 1970s, the average Mexican mother had 5.5 children, creating a population explosion in the eighties and nineties which made illegal migration almost inevitable.  Since the 1980s, that number has fallen to about 2.1 children per mother.


  But Tirado says the U.S. remains a magnet for struggling and oppressed individuals.  At the same time Mexico is rising, Central America, in the grip of populist leftist and incompetent governments, is sending more migrants to the U.S.


  "The people I have talked to say it is the violence back home, gangs and whatnot, is what they are fleeing," he said.